African literature |


history of african literature

The history of Afrikaans literature is the history of the Afrikaners, an alien people whose literature is a testimony to that state of alienation. Afrikaans, with its roots in Dutch, has been spoken in South Africa mainly by whites since the 18th century. Nov 06,  · African literature may have gained much of its popularity in the s, but its history goes back thousands of years. Open this lesson to explore. The beginning of Nigerian Literature In the beginning was oral literature, the root of African literature. Nigerian literature, in particular, began with the oral tradition, pioneered by the unsung heroes of her literary past, like royal bards, warriors, story tellers, priests and many others.

History of literature - Wikipedia

African literature is literature of or from Africa and includes oral literature or " orature ", in the term coined by Ugandan scholar Pio Zirimu, history of african literature. As George Joseph notes history of african literature his chapter on African literature in Understanding Contemporary Africawhereas European views of literature often stressed a separation of art and content, African awareness is inclusive:.

Oral literature or orature may be in prose or verse. The prose is often mythological or historical and can include tales of the trickster character. Storytellers history of african literature Africa sometimes use call-and-response techniques to tell their stories.

Poetry, history of african literature sung, includes: narrative epicoccupational verseritual verse, praise poems of rulers and other prominent people. Praise singers, bards sometimes known as " griots ", tell their stories with music [3]. Also recited, history of african literature, often sung, are love songswork songschildren's songsalong with epigramsproverbs and riddles.

These oral traditions exist in many languages history of african literature FulaSwahiliHausaand Wolof [4]. In Algeriaoral poetry was an important part of Berber traditions when the majority of the population was illiterate. These poems, called Isefrawere used for aspects of both religious and secular life. The religious poems included devotions, prophetic stories, and poems honoring saints.

The secular poetry could be about celebrations like births and weddings, or accounts of heroic warriors [5].

As another example, in Malioral literature or folktales continue to be broadcast on the radio in the native language Booma. Examples of pre-colonial African literature are numerous, history of african literature. In Ethiopiathere is a substantial literature written in Ge'ez going back at least to the fourth century AD; the best-known work in this tradition is the Kebra Negastor "Book of Kings.

From Timbuktu alone, there are an estimatedor more manuscripts tucked away in various libraries and private collections, [8] mostly written in Arabic but some in the native languages namely Fula and Songhai. The material covers a wide array of topics, including astronomy, poetry, law, history, faith, politics, and philosophy. Medieval north Africa boasted universities such as those of Fes and Cairowith copious amounts of literature to supplement them.

The African works best known in the West from the periods of colonization and the slave trade are primarily slave narrativessuch as Olaudah Equiano 's The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano In the colonial period, Africans exposed to Western languages began to write in those tongues.

During this period, African plays written in English began to emerge. Among the first pieces of African literature to receive significant worldwide critical acclaim was Things Fall Apartby Chinua Achebe. Published inlate in the colonial era, Things Fall Apart analyzed the effect of colonialism on traditional African society. For many writers this emphasis was not restricted to their publishing.

Many, indeed, suffered deeply and directly: censured for casting aside his artistic responsibilities in order to participate actively in warfare, Christopher Okigbo was killed in battle for Biafra against the Nigerian movement of the s' civil war ; Mongane Wally Serote was detained under South Africa's Terrorism Act No 83 of between andand subsequently released without ever having stood trial; in London inhis countryman Arthur Norje committed suicide; Malawi 's Jack Mapanje was incarcerated with neither charge nor trial because of an off-hand remark at a university pub; and, inKen Saro-Wiwa was hanged by the Nigerian junta.

With liberation and increased literacy since most African nations gained their independence in the s and s, African literature has grown dramatically in quantity and history of african literature recognition, with numerous African works appearing in Western academic curricula and on "best of" lists compiled at the end of the 20th century, history of african literature.

African writers in this period wrote both in Western languages notably EnglishFrenchand Portuguese and in traditional African languages such as Hausa. Ali A. Mazrui and others mention seven conflicts as themes: the clash between Africa's past and present, between tradition and modernity, between indigenous and foreign, between individualism and community, between socialism and capitalism, between development and self-reliance and between Africanity and humanity.

Female writers are today far better represented in published African literature than they were prior to independence.

InWole Soyinka became the first post-independence African writer to win the Nobel Prize in literature. Previously, Algerian history of african literature Albert Camus had been awarded the prize in There are a lot of literary productions in Africa since the beginning of the current decadeeven though readers do not always follow in large numbers.

The case of the Grand Prix of Literary Associations is quite illustrative. Inaugurated in and running tillthe Noma Award history of african literature Publishing in Africa was presented for the outstanding work of the year published in Africa.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten, history of african literature. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. Use the lead layout guide to ensure the section follows Wikipedia's norms and to be inclusive of all essential details. July Learn how and when to history of african literature this template message. Literature portal. Archived from the original on October 31, Retrieved April 17, January 1, Archived from the original PDF on May 5, July 27, Retrieved July 25, Casely Hayford's Ethiopia Unbound ".

The Washington Post. Mazrui et al. VIII, pp, history of african literature. Collaborating with Ali A. Kunene and Jan Vansina. The Village Square Journal. Retrieved 20 August Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Somaliland. Economy Empires Historiography Military conflicts Science and technology. Central East North South West. Outline Index. Categories : Arts in Africa African literature. Namespaces Article Talk.

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African literature - Wikipedia


history of african literature


The history of literature is the historical development of writings in prose or poetry that attempt to provide entertainment, enlightenment, or instruction to the reader/listener/observer, as well as the development of the literary techniques used in the communication of these pieces. Not all writings constitute literature. African Literature – If you are a lover of literature you will enjoy reading these African books. You will not only enjoy them but also find them enlightening. Books written by Africans about African issues and for the most part set in Africa. Published in , Sosu’s Call is one of the best African books. The UNESCO prize and IBBY Author: Toni-Ann. The beginning of Nigerian Literature In the beginning was oral literature, the root of African literature. Nigerian literature, in particular, began with the oral tradition, pioneered by the unsung heroes of her literary past, like royal bards, warriors, story tellers, priests and many others.