How to Write an APA Research Paper Outline: Full Tutorial

 

research paper introduction apa

APA research paper outline should typically have a title page, abstract, main body, and references. An ideal abstract should be between and words. The titles of journals, books, etc., must be italicized. Read on for more. How to Write an APA Style Research Paper An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references. Your paper may also include one or more tables and/or figures. Different types of information about your study are addressed in each of the sections, as described below. The purpose of an introduction in a psychology paper is to justify the reasons for writing about your topic. Your goal in this section is to introduce the topic to the reader, provide an overview of previous research on the topic and identify your own hypothesis.. Before you even begin.


Writing Resources - How to Write an APA Research Paper - Hamilton College


Show less The introduction to a research paper can be the most challenging part of the paper to write. The length of the introduction will vary depending on the type of research paper you are writing. An introduction should announce your topic, provide context and a rationale for your work, before stating your research questions and hypothesis. Well-written introductions set the tone for the paper, catch the reader's interest, and communicate the hypothesis or thesis statement.

For more information from our English Ph. This article was co-authored by Megan Morgan, PhD. Categories: Research Papers. There are 17 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

Announce your research topic. You can start your introduction with a few sentences which announce the topic of your paper and give an indication of the kind of research questions you will be asking. This is a good way to introduce your readers to your topic and pique their interest.

In scientific research paper introduction apa this is sometimes known as an "inverted triangle", where you start with the broadest material at the start, before zooming in on the specifics. It provides the reader with an indication of the content of the essay and encourages them to read on. Consider referring to key words. When you write a research paper for publication you will be required to submit it along with a series of key words which give a quick indication of the areas of research you are addressing.

You may also have certain key words in your title which you want to establish and emphasise in your introduction, research paper introduction apa. Define any key terms or concepts. It may be necessary for you to clarify any key terms or concepts early on in your introduction. You need to express yourself clearly throughout your paper so if you leave an unfamiliar term or concept unexplained you risk your readers not having a clear understanding of your argument.

Introduce the topic through an anecdote or quotation. If you are writing a humanities or social science essay you can find more literary ways to begin your introduction and announce the topic of your paper.

It is common for humanities essays in particular to begin with an illustrative anecdote or quotation that points to the topic of the research, research paper introduction apa. This is a variation of the "inverted triangle" technique research paper introduction apa can generate interest in your paper in a more imaginative way and demonstrate an engaging writing style. If you use an anecdote ensure that is short and highly relevant for your research.

It has to function in the same way as an alternative opening, namely to announce the topic of your research paper to your reader. For example, if you were writing a sociology paper about re-offending rates among young offenders, you could include a brief story of one person whose story reflects and introduces your topic. This kind of approach is generally not appropriate for the introduction to a natural or physical sciences research paper where the writing conventions are different, research paper introduction apa.

Include a brief literature review. Depending on the overall research paper introduction apa of your paper, it will be necessary to include a review of the existing literature already published in the field.

This is an important element of your paper which demonstrates that you have a strong knowledge and understanding of the debates and scholarship in your area.

You should aim to indicate that you have a broad knowledge, but that you are engaging in the specific debates most relevant to your own research. It is research paper introduction apa to be concise in the introduction, so provide an overview on recent developments in the primary research rather than a lengthy discussion. A strong literature review presents important background information to your own research and indicates the importance of the field.

Use the literature to focus in on your contribution. A concise but comprehensive literature review can be a very effective way to frame your own research paper. As you develop your introduction, you can move from the literature to focus in on your own work and its position relevant to the broader scholarship. By making clear reference to existing work you can demonstrate explicitly the specific contribution you are making to research paper introduction apa the field forward, research paper introduction apa.

You can identify a gap in the existing scholarship and explain how you are addressing it and moving understanding forward. Elaborate on the rationale of your paper. Once you have framed your work within a broader context you can elaborate more fully on the rationale of your research and its particular strengths and importance.

The rationale should clearly and concisely indicate the value of your paper and its contribution to the field. For example, if you are writing a scientific paper you could stress the merits of the experimental approach or models you have used.

Stress what is novel in your research and the significance of your new approach, but don't give too much detail in the introduction, research paper introduction apa.

State your research questions. Once you have indicated where your research sits in the field and the general rationale for your paper, research paper introduction apa, you can specify the research questions the paper addresses. The literature review and rationale frames your research and introduces your research question. This question should be developed fluently from the earlier parts of the introduction and shouldn't come as a surprise to the reader.

An example of a research question could be "what were the consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement on the Mexican export economy? A good research question should shape a problem into a testable hypothesis. Indicate your hypothesis, research paper introduction apa. After you have specified your research questions you need to give a clear and concise articulation of your hypothesis, or your thesis statement.

This is a statement which indicates your essay will make a specific contribution and have a clear result rather than just covering a broader topic. If possible try to avoid using the word "hypothesis" and rather make this implicit in your writing, research paper introduction apa. In a scientific paper, giving a research paper introduction apa one-sentence overview of your results and their relation to your hypothesis makes the information clear and accessible, research paper introduction apa.

Outline the structure of your paper. In some cases the final part of an introduction to a research paper will be a few lines that provide an overview of the structure of the body of the paper.

This is not always necessary and you should pay attention to the writing conventions in research paper introduction apa discipline. In a natural sciences paper, for example, there is a fairly rigid structure which you will be following. Sample Research Introduction for Humanities. Sample Research Introduction Starters.

There's no official word count for an introduction but brevity is the soul of clarity. Do a sentence to get the reader interested in your topic and a sentence to state your thesis. You also want to include a few sentences briefly outlining the important research paper introduction apa in the paper and some background information, if necessary.

Write at least five to eight clear, concise sentences. Get to the point and don't make it too wordy. Yes No. Not Helpful 16 Helpful I want to write an introduction on my research; the topic is carbohydrates. How can I do this? Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients in our diet fat and protein being the others.

They exist in many forms and are mainly found in starchy foods such as bread, pasta, and rice, as well as in some beverages, e. Carbohydrates represent the most important source of energy for the body, and are vital for a varied and balanced diet. Not Helpful 25 Helpful How would I write a research introduction research paper introduction apa addiction to online gaming? Explain how online gaming has become a daily activity for many people and how it becomes addictive.

Outline the basic points of the research you plan to present in the rest of your paper without getting into specifics. Not Helpful 19 Helpful Start with "I am so and so, here to present this" and not "My name is so and so. Not Helpful 28 Helpful How do I write a research introduction on the high school drop out rate? Start with a statistic and work from there, research paper introduction apa.

The best thing you can start with is a catchy piece of information or phrase. Not Helpful 11 Helpful I am writing about restorative justice, plea of temporary insanity for murder and what we can do as psychologists. Can you give me a clue for introduction? Give an overview of the current state, heavily cited, and why it leads you to believe a closer look is warranted.

Use the intro to provide justification for the rest of the paper being written. Not Helpful 20 Helpful Piper Ridge. Basketball is too broad of a topic. What specifically do you want research paper introduction apa talk about? Do you want to talk about what it is like to work as a player?

The dangers of the sport? How the sport has changed from when it was first invented? Not Helpful 13 Helpful Is it an argumentative essay or an objective informative essay? You can talk about the history of how cigarettes came to be, why they are sold in stores, health issues, what they are made of, etc. Not Helpful 17 Helpful

 

How to Write an Introduction in APA Format | Synonym

 

research paper introduction apa

 

Writing APA-style papers is a tricky business. So to complement my discussion of writing publishable scientific articles, I’ve created an infographic showing some of the major ideas you should consider when writing the introduction to an APA-style research bioedermanns.tk approach will work well in most social scientific fields, especially bioedermanns.tk: Richard N. Landers. Format Your Introduction. The introduction is the first paragraph of the main body of your paper. If your instructor requires you to write an abstract, your paper will begin on the page after the abstract; otherwise, begin on the page following the title page. How to Write an APA Style Research Paper V iew as PDF. An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references. Your paper may also include one or more tables and/or figures.